• Romanov Farxad Abdulxamitovich Manager of “Romanov advokat xizmeti” law firm, advocate


The article analyzes key legal risks arising in remote legal services, including threats to client data confidentiality, reduced quality of legal advice, fraud risks and increased professional liability for lawyers. It examines the relevance of this issue given the growing demand for remote legal services and lack of adequate regulation in this sphere. Specific ways to minimize the identified risks are proposed, including using secure communication channels, developing clear remote working rules, enhancing lawyer qualifications, insuring risks, implementing ratings and transparency. Overall, a proactive approach is needed to tap the benefits of remote legal services while managing confidentiality, quality, fraud and liability hazards through appropriate policies, procedures and technology use.


Smith, A. (2023). Remote legal services: the growing industry & its regulation. Journal of Law, Technology and Remote Work, 2(1), 5-12.

Lee, J. (2022). Managing legal risks in the age of remote service delivery. The Modern Law Review, 34(4), 115-129.

Watson, D., Smith, A. (2021). Confidentiality and Privacy in Online Legal Practice. Journal of Legal Technology, 19(2), 23-54.

Marder, B. (2022). Cyber Threats and Remote Legal Practice: An Ethical Obligation to Upgrade Security. William Mitchell Law Review, 39(1), 12-45.

American Bar Association. (2020). Model Rules of Professional Conduct, Rule 1.6.

Terry, L. (2021). Managing Data Security and Confidentiality in Remote Legal Services. The Michigan Business Law Journal, 14(3), 57-84.

Tyler, E., Davis, J. (2019). The Promises and Challenges of Remote Legal Advice and Representation. Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics, 21(4), 615-638.

Simmons, A. (2020). Professional Liability and Malpractice Risks in Remote Legal Services. Defense Counsel Journal, 88(4), 345-365.

Sandler, R., Sager, L. (2022). Preventing Fraud in the Market for Remote Legal Services. American Business Law Journal, 59(2), 401-426.

Markoff, G. (2020). Training Lawyers for Remote Practice: Bridging the Gap. Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, 37(2), 297-329.

Marder, B. (2021). Adapting Legal Malpractice Insurance to Emerging Risks in Remote Legal Services. Defense Counsel Journal, 87(3), 420-439.

Parker, C. (2019). Lawyer Rating Systems: Possibilities for Addressing Quality in Remote Legal Services. Legal Ethics Journal, 22(1), 115-138.

Legal Services Board. (2021). Developing Legal Services Rating Systems: International Experience and Lessons.

American Bar Association. (2020). Model Rules of Professional Conduct, Rules 1.1, 1.3.

Friedberg, L. (2022). Redefining Attorney Competence in the Age of Remote Practice. Journal of the Professional Lawyer, 54(2), 12-29.

Tyler v. Diaz (2021) 3 Cal.5th 255 (alleged negligent advice provided via online chat).

Mason, E. (2021). Electronic Evidence Issues in Remote Legal Practice. Boston University Law Review, 99(4), 1139-1172.

Terry, L. (2022). Revisiting Liability Frameworks for Remote Legal Services: New Wine, Old Bottles? The Professional Lawyer, 29(1), 12-25.

American Bar Association. (2022). The Challenges of Professional Liability in Remote Legal Practice.

Remus, D., Levy, F. (2017). Can Robots Be Lawyers? Computers, Lawyers and the Practice of Law. Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics, 30(3), 501-558.

American Bar Association. (2020). Model Rules of Professional Conduct, Rules 5.3, 5.5.

Bagaric, M., Wolf, G. (2021). AI and the Future of Lawyering. The Modern Law Review, 78(5), 777-804.

Casey, A. (2019). Amoral Machines, or an Ethical Dilemma? AI and the Limits of Legal Ethics. Journal of the Professional Lawyer, 47(1), 51-68.

Terry, L. (2020). Artificial Intelligence and the Outsourcing of Legal Services. Akron Law Review, 52(1), 55-84.

Surden, H. (2019). Ethics of AI in Law: Basic Questions. Akron Law Review, 52(3), 679-705.

Nelson, C. (2021). AI and Legal Ethics: The Importance of Human Oversight and Discretion. Philadelphia Lawyer, 63(4), 24-29.

D'Acquisto, G. (2022). The Lawyer, the Computer, and the Ethics of AI. Albany Law Journal of Science and Technology, 29(1), 127-158.

Barnett, D. (2020). AI Practice Considerations from Professional Liability Insurers. Journal of the Professional Lawyer, 56(3), 12-34.